The city leads its history since 17th century when the Cossacks came to the forest-steppe areas of present Ukraine with their families and created the first Slobody settlements. Kharkiv was founded as a regiment-fortress town in 1654. Since then the city turned into one of the major industrial, commercial and cultural centers of Ukraine with population over 1.5 million people.
From December 1919 to June 1934 Kharkiv was the capital of Soviet Ukraine. Ukrainian cultural renaissance commenced here in the years 1920-1930. As one of the main industrial and scientific centers of Ukraine Kharkiv is a home of many scientific discoveries that made revolutions in technology.
Present architectural pattern of Kharkiv has been developing for more than three centuries and has been influenced by various conditions of life, habits and traditions of Ukrainian people as well as of neighboring nations. The city has its own charm – narrow streets with old buildings of different architectural styles and small yards in the city downtown, huge and impressive main square, majestic cathedrals and small churches, metro (subway) many stations of which can be considered as a separate work of art. Kharkiv has 6 outstanding professional theatres, circus, several museums and many libraries. Kharkiv is a very green city, there are more than 100 parks on it’s territory. Kharkiv is the major student center of Ukraine. It is a city of 100,000 students and about 30 higher educational institutions. Among them are Kharkiv State University, Medical University, University of culture, National Law Academy and many others. Maybe because of the fact that streets of Kharkiv are always full of young and smiling people Kharkovites are mostly peaceful and very hospitable people. Kharkiv is considered the safest among large cities in Ukraine. Many foreigners come to Kharkiv for business and pleasure.